Alahana Parivena

This educational monastic complex was founded by King Parakramabahu. He landscaped the natural hill into gentle terraces and leveled the top to form two platforms. The hill was then crowned with a dagaba, the Kiri Vehera, Lankathilaka image house and Baddhasima Prasada Chapter house. Excavations conducted by the Central Cultural Fund have revealed many other monuments including a monk’s hospital of the 12th Century, together with medical and surgical instruments.
Lankathilaka Image House Kirivehera Badasima Prasada Ancient hospital
pol-lan pol-kiri pol_bad pol_hos

The Lankathilaka Image house of the Alahana Pirivena was established by King Parakrambahu. This is a massive brick building that was originally believed to be five stories high which has two gigantic columns that mark its entrance. This monument has been compared to the monuments you see in ancient Greece. Furthermore the standing Buddha statue inside of it was originally 40ft high.

The Kirivehara Sthupaya remains the only monument that displays the different features of a sthupaya such as the triple berm, dome, square tee, deity’s enclosure and the umbrella cone known as the Kothkaralla. The first Archaeological commissioner H.C.P. Bell cleared a tunnel that had been dug by treasure hunters that led into the dome and examined two relic chambers that had already been ransacked. This is the largest chapter house that was built in ancient Sri Lanka by King Parakramabhahu which was initially 12 stories high. This grand monument was built for monks and their activities. The monks who congregated for rehearsing the code of discipline were provided with all requirements of accommodation within the premises. This hospital that belonged to the 12th Century was discovered during excavations. This is an oblong building with a courtyard in the center and rooms all around. It reveals many aspects of the ancient methods of treating patients. For example, the medicine trough that was found in the Southern corner room is in the shape of a human body and can still be seen at the hospital premises. Several medical and surgical instruments have also been discovered from the site and are displayed at the CCF museum in Polonnaruwa